|THE MAP ROOM
|This page contains a complete map list for the Northern Ungava Canoe Expedition. We carried a complete set of 1 : 250,000 scale
maps for our route and many of the 1 : 50,000 scale maps for areas when navigation was difficult and greater detail was required.
Click a link on the map of Nunavik below to see a description of that stage of the trip. Navigation hints are also given farther down
on this page along with a few examples of the 1 : 250,000 scale maps that we used.
Lac La Potherie
|1 : 250,000 scale maps
Lac Guillaume - Delisle
Lac La Potherie
Lac Du Pelican
Riviere Arnaud (Payne)
|1 : 50,000 scale maps
34 C/16 Riviere Itilliq
34 G/4 Lac Tikirartuuq
34 G/3 Lac Dornon
34 G/2 Lac Levitre
34 G/7 Colline Qummuangajuq
34 G/8 Baie Ogier
34 I/2 Lac Serindac
34 I/3 Lac Lintelle
34 I/6 Lac Morie
34 I/5 Lac Ladignac
34 I/12 Lac Bisson
34 I/13 Lac Serin
34 P/4 Lac Gobinet
34 P/5 Lac Tunusuk
|THE IMPORTANCE OF MAPS
Accurate maps and a working knowledge of how to navigate is essential
for any trip into the wilderness. Getting lost in a wilderness area the size
of Ungava is not an option. We carried both 1:250,000 and 1 : 50,000
scale maps for our route. Our charts were waterproofed with
Thompson's Waterseal and stored in zip lock baggies. The day's active
map was kept in a ziplock bag inside of another waterproof map case
with grommets that allowed it to be clipped to our boat or a pack.
Carrying a copy of your maps is a smart ideal as well.
|HINT - To waterproof your maps
coat them with Thompson's
Waterseal and hang until dry. On
the trip always keep your maps in
plastic bags. Remember, only the
day's active map needs to be
|THE NEED FOR A COMPASS
The Canadian Government topo maps are extremely accurate and the
treeless terrain of Ungava allows for a lot of visual navigation. Despite
this, a working compass and the ability to use it is essential. Travel on
large lakes can be surprisingly complicated and there were several times
on our trip when the only way we chose the correct route was because of
our compass. When in doubt trust your compass as its opinion is not
subjective. Good compasses are available for $20 to $100 dollars and a
fancy model is not necesary.
Declination is the difference between your position and true north versus
magnetic north. As a rule, the farther north you go, the greater the
declination. Maps are oriented to true north while you compass points to
magnetic north. Because of this, when declinations are high it is
essential to be sure you know which north you are dealing with. On our
trip the declination varied between 22 degrees and 34 degrees westerly.
This means that when our compasses pointed north (magnetic north) we
had to add the declination to the bearing so it would align with our map.
Not accounting for the declination at the start of a long portage would
leave us far off course at its completion.
Example of declination - We look at our map and see that we want to
portage to a pond that is 35 degrees east of north on the map. To
proceed in the proper direction we find magnetic north (with the
compass), locate 35 degrees and then add the declination. If the
declination is 25 degrees we would add that to 35 degrees and follow a
60 degree compass bearing.
|GPS (Global Positioning System)
The Northern Ungava Canoe Expedition was the first wilderness trip I
have ever done on which a GPS unit was carried. These devices are
NOT essential for travel in the north. They depend on batteries and
could fail when you need them the most. Unlike a compass, a GPS is not
fail proof. There are advantages to these units, but they should NEVER
be used in place of a compass. If you bring a GPS be sure to familiarize
yourself with its functions and be sure to determine how the position it
reads corresponds to the information on your maps.